We're Running Out of These Elements - Here's How

Publikuar 6 Nën 2019
Shikime 386 965
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Phones, TVs, solar panels, and electric car batteries are all made of some rare and unusual elements. As our modern world creates more and more of these technologies, will things go from "rare" to "nonexistent" and what will we do then?
Hosted by: Michael Aranda
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Sources:
www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/13/aluminium
www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/27/cobalt
www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/33/arsenic
www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/49/indium
www.oulu.fi/energy/node/46134
prd-wret.s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/assets/palladium/production/s3fs-public/atoms/files/mcs-2019-indiu.pdf
www.bgs.ac.uk/mineralsUK/statistics/riskList.html
gizmodo.com/most-commercial-graphene-is-just-expensive-pencil-lead-1829625572
pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2002/fs087-02/fs087-02.pdf
www.acs.org/content/acs/en/education/whatischemistry/landmarks/earthelements.html
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pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2014/3078/pdf/fs2014-3078.pdf
link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13563-018-0160-0
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pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2002/fs087-02/fs087-02.pdf
io9.gizmodo.com/how-chinas-rare-earth-weapon-went-from-boom-to-bust-1653638596
mineralseducationcoalition.org/minerals-database/arsenic/
www.pnas.org/content/112/14/4257.full#ref-5
www.cobaltinstitute.org/lithium-ion-batteries.html
onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/cssc.201802556
prd-wret.s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/assets/palladium/production/s3fs-public/atoms/files/mcs-2019-galli.pdf
phys.org/news/2019-05-china-threat-deprive-rare-earths.html
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www.resourcepanel.org/file/381/download?token=he_rldvr
prd-wret.s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/assets/palladium/production/s3fs-public/atoms/files/mcs-2019-arsen.pdf
www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S089268750900106X
onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/cssc.201802556
www.copper.org/publications/newsletters/innovations/2004/05/producing_copper_natures_way_bioleaching.html
www.jchps.com/specialissues/Special%20issue3/33%20jchps%20si3%20addn%20kavitha%20147-149.pdf
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Images:
www.videoblocks.com/video/repairing-and-changing-of-a-screen-on-a-iphone-mobile-phone-rlfmaf56vjw7npysh
www.istockphoto.com/vector/periodic-table-of-elements-gm1142193660-306312056
www.videoblocks.com/video/flying-over-rows-of-solar-panels-r193mwuhxjnwc60uj
www.istockphoto.com/photo/open-pit-zink-mine-gm153767196-14910788
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tinyurl.com/yy2ohqrk
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tinyurl.com/yxmk9gpp

SciShow
Komente  
  • Marco Cardin

    Marco Cardin

    7 orë më parë

    Metals can be recycled but it's almost impossible to recover helium and that's a huge trouble!

  • tentimesful

    tentimesful

    7 orë më parë

    China has probably has the most minerals as their prices stay low, in made in China products... Samsung and others are bringing products that cost 1000+ dollar smartphones , which is a joke... But in real life we will run out of things we can't make out of nothing, iron wolf ertz, uranium, oil etc... World should keep hold on what brings us to forward without those minerals and fossils...

  • oliver franklin

    oliver franklin

    8 orë më parë

    The future is bleak for your kids

  • Jimme2020

    Jimme2020

    13 orë më parë

    Asteroid mining would solve all the problems......

  • Betty Hancock

    Betty Hancock

    14 orë më parë

    Wonder how much of these things are on the moon? Or asteroids

  • Betty Hancock

    Betty Hancock

    14 orë më parë

    I don't think we're going to have to worry about all this electronics and solar panels much longer. Hopefully.

  • Rich

    Rich

    18 orë më parë

    Graphene will be the material of the 21 century.

  • Mr Monstah

    Mr Monstah

    19 orë më parë

    Graphene is like really easy to make though

  • Ravi Rajyaguru

    Ravi Rajyaguru

    20 orë më parë

    Thanos did have a point though.

  • Lobster Johnson

    Lobster Johnson

    21 orë më parë

    So this is what the Incubus singer is up to these days

  • Gitana Maldita

    Gitana Maldita

    23 orë më parë

    Good motivation for asteroid mining?

  • Randy Wiggins

    Randy Wiggins

    Ditë më parë

    Radio Shack had a battery return policy alleged to be recycled but bet they were tossed. Recycling only makes sense in bulk . Car tires still a problem.

  • Wayne Shilcock

    Wayne Shilcock

    Ditë më parë

    China owns most of the rare minerals, so war with China then.

  • Mi 28

    Mi 28

    Ditë më parë

    All that said, recycling is significantly more expensive than mining.

  • Gandoff2000

    Gandoff2000

    Ditë më parë

    Recycling?

  • Vinder Singh

    Vinder Singh

    Ditë më parë

    RECYCLING IS KEY OF SUSTAINABILITY.

  • derpaderp

    derpaderp

    Ditë më parë

    Good video you've become a way better public speaker since I lasted watched you like maybe 2-3 years ago

  • Devious Verendus

    Devious Verendus

    Ditë më parë

    A big issue with the limited resources we have is also just the fact that producers of gadgets and other products push to sell as much as possible and therefore release a new phone every year instead of waiting a few years and preserving our resources

  • Brian Cossey

    Brian Cossey

    Ditë më parë

    Indium is no longer necessary because of graphene that is now easy and cheap to make

  • Frick

    Frick

    Ditë më parë

    solar panels are horrible energy sources

  • Chad Burton

    Chad Burton

    Ditë më parë

    China produces the most because they don't deal with the environmental restrictions the rest of the developed world does

  • Thomas Mitchell

    Thomas Mitchell

    Ditë më parë

    This is why Industrial civilisation is and will always be unsustainable. As long as we keep thinking technology will save us we are screwed. This delusional idea that we will figure these problems out will become as big of a problem in the future as the global warming deniers are right now. In truth the religion of technology is in many ways a denial of what is truly sustainable... But we will see. we could always discover something amazing any day now right? just have faith?

  • Joshua Snyder

    Joshua Snyder

    Ditë më parë

    And everybody wonders why the demographic transition in some countries is so much slower than that of other countries... perceiving children as economic assets and things of that nature are just small blips on the big picture. Criticality is one of the main reasons why the demographic transition is slower for these unfortunate portions of the world. It's kind of sad, and there's not much anyone can really do about it.

  • Scrap5000

    Scrap5000

    Ditë më parë

    Arsenic is no longer used to pressure treat wood, for many years now. What else is wrong in this video???

  • Nick Tan

    Nick Tan

    Ditë më parë

    The MAIN problem is OVER supply. There is demand yes but way too much production more than the phone can be sold.

  • Rachel Losacco

    Rachel Losacco

    Ditë më parë

    carbon naNOTUUUUUBES!

  • Adam Kelley

    Adam Kelley

    Ditë më parë

    ...or we could mine everything in space and not give up anything, which sounds more like past human behavior to me.

  • Good Bye

    Good Bye

    Ditë më parë

    We’re also running out of the elements of surprise and originality in the YouTube comment section. Every other top liked comment is a meme used a thousand times over

  • Mad Machanicest

    Mad Machanicest

    Ditë më parë

    were getting to the point were we can mine some of this stuff from space. in short pulling down to earth what we need. tho this is likely a few decades of it likely to happen with in most of ower life times.

  • Jeremy Heartriter2.0

    Jeremy Heartriter2.0

    Ditë më parë

    Somebody might consider buying a landfill for future possibilities of using them as mines.

  • quayscenes

    quayscenes

    Ditë më parë

    Great info. However, the extreme jump-cut editing is massively annoying. All the presenters sound exactly alike which is also annoying. I would rather see a little personality come through. I can't continue watching this video.

  • D2005 Cre 27

    D2005 Cre 27

    Ditë më parë

    Semiconductors and rare metals can be recycled, remember one you a resource it doesn't just simply disappear. Unless it's a fuel that obviously isn't a mere element or doesn't undergo radioactive decay. So to sum it all up we still have plenty of resources the problem being that reusing them isn't very profitable.

  • kumoyuki

    kumoyuki

    Ditë më parë

    asteroid mining

  • John Raffaelli

    John Raffaelli

    Ditë më parë

    Elements May becoming scarce on Earth for that is why maybe we should Outsource towards the stars and look at some of the asteroids in the Kuiper belt I'm sure there's a whole bunch of elements out there that we have no idea of and a whole lot of fun that we need so food for thought

  • JR Boyd

    JR Boyd

    Ditë më parë

    So Thanos was right all along. Our resources are finite.

  • YishayOfStormwind

    YishayOfStormwind

    Ditë më parë

    i think the increase in price will increase the number of places willing to extract it in the end, so it is somewhat self regulating in the short term.

  • RMMR

    RMMR

    Ditë më parë

    Aren't we supposed to run out of gasoline in 1999? Oh wait what

  • Logan Revesby

    Logan Revesby

    2 ditë më parë

    Here's my expert opinion which I never bothered sharing before, but will be sharing in the comment section of each science channel's version of this video over the next few weeks.

  • Rowan Streeter

    Rowan Streeter

    2 ditë më parë

    Calls it Indium and then immediately says aluminum... AluminIUM... Can't you morons see that already?!?!?!

  • H. Kim

    H. Kim

    2 ditë më parë

    When I was a kid in early 80s, teachers at school taught us that we were running out of oil. Now look at the world. The world is still full of oil. Obviously those fake teachers had nothing but arrogance to predict the future. What do those scientists know about the future? They do nothing but fear mongering for their own interests.

  • Shashank Sam

    Shashank Sam

    2 ditë më parë

    these videos are great thanks for researching

  • bryphi77

    bryphi77

    2 ditë më parë

    You lost me at electric cars and climate change. Lol... You sound like a good tard influencer... I mean shill.

  • Being Human

    Being Human

    2 ditë më parë

    We still have a lot of sarcasm

  • Sub To pewdiepie & mrbeast

    Sub To pewdiepie & mrbeast

    2 ditë më parë

    It’s called space

  • THE BUDDHA 420

    THE BUDDHA 420

    2 ditë më parë

    Let’s have machines do it all problems solved

  • Pedja Vukmirovic

    Pedja Vukmirovic

    2 ditë më parë

    So congo is next to recieve us democracy

  • Robert Theisen

    Robert Theisen

    2 ditë më parë

    The law of conservation of mass dictates that we will never run out of any elements. They may become difficult to obtain, but they will never disappear.

    • Daniel Brizuela

      Daniel Brizuela

      Ditë më parë

      What about helium? Once it's out, it's gone for good..

  • Jon

    Jon

    2 ditë më parë

    They haven't used arsenic in pressure treatment wood in the United States for about 20 years.

  • James Ryan

    James Ryan

    2 ditë më parë

    Just like beer bottles and cans, a recycle fee should be placed into the product retail value. When the device is returned, the premium will be returned. Those who could care less about a premium will still throw away their junk, but there will be an incentive for others to clean that up for profit. Add a refundable $100 to a phone and there won't be many phones escaping the recycling industry.

  • DedaBr1

    DedaBr1

    2 ditë më parë

    Asteroid mining?

  • Nekdo BrezIdentitete

    Nekdo BrezIdentitete

    2 ditë më parë

    Thanks to Atlas Pro and channels dating farther back, this isn't news.

  • Greg Benwell

    Greg Benwell

    2 ditë më parë

    The crazy part is everybody tells us to reuse, recycle and re-purpose, yet every day these minerals are just thrown away and NOBODY recycles them at all!!! THEN there are guys like me, who every body gives me crap because I drive a 20 year old V8 powered truck.....but what they DO NOT UNDERSTAND IS, I reuse, recycle and re-purpose WAY MORE than your average person does in a single lifetime and I have been doing it since I was 14 years old and I am now 55 years old!!! And thus explains why I drive a 20 year old truck that doesn't LOOK pretty, BUT it runs like it did when it was new and I do upgrades and mods to it to make it "better than new" as I test new methods on it all the time!!

    In other words a lot of people "talk the talk" about how to "save" and "conserve" where I actually DO!!! And NOT for the reason you think.....you see for me it isn't about "saving the planet" as much is "I am flat broke and cheap"!!! So when I see busted up lumber or a broken computer I don't see "junk" laying there.....I see things I could build with it!!! And like I say I have done this for more than 40 years of my life.....so take that environmentalists that call me a "gross polluter"!!! I do more to recycle and reuse than anybody I KNOW!!!!!

  • John Smith

    John Smith

    2 ditë më parë

    We have to redirect Asteroids towards earth and then mine the impact craters.
    Or back to a landline.

  • Arterexius

    Arterexius

    2 ditë më parë

    I personally disassemble old HDD's and distribute each piece individually for scrap. I sell all the electric wiring (no matter whether it's gold, silver or copper) as well as the aluminum and the neodymium magnets. That's a win for us as a civilization, a win for the climate and a win for me cause I get to make some money out of spending some of my spare time taking hard drives apart.

  • MrYerak5

    MrYerak5

    2 ditë më parë

    Why not use alon as trensperent screens?

  • Bearcat Ben

    Bearcat Ben

    2 ditë më parë

    Mining

    I N
    *S P A C E*

  • Holden Saaring

    Holden Saaring

    2 ditë më parë

    Oh gee... Recycling was the FIRST thing that popped in my mind before even watching the rest of the video...

  • Ashrune

    Ashrune

    2 ditë më parë

    Microsoft is already experimenting with glass for storing data

  • General Zubbis

    General Zubbis

    2 ditë më parë

    I hope one day we will be able to mine asteroids, or extract natural resources from other planets.

  • rico567

    rico567

    2 ditë më parë

    This is one of the most compelling reasons why we must move out into space- new resources. Metals, in particular, end up over time in salts and residues that are unrecoverable on the ocean floor. So it’s compelling to find new deposits or our technological world gradually deteriorates, and with no means of rebuilding.